What is the ‘underground injection well’ in Romulus?

The Environmental Geo-Technologies, LLC (“EGT”) facility in Romulus, Michigan uses the latest technologies to both treat hazardous waste and non-hazardous waste fluids such as acid and caustic liquids, brines, chemically-contaminated wastewaters, heavy metal solutions, etc. in an aboveground facility; then emplace the resultant treated fluids safely nearly a mile underground, well below underground sources of drinking water. Thus, the EGT facility includes an aboveground treatment operation and two underground Class I hazardous waste deep wells.

What is an injection well?

EPA’s Underground Injection Control (“UIC”) program for “deep wells” defines an injection well as any bored, drilled or driven shaft or a dug hole, where the depth is greater than the largest surface dimension that is used to discharge fluids underground. This definition covers a wide variety of injection practices from sophisticated wells that inject nearly a mile or more underground (like the two EGT deep wells) to many types of on-site drainage systems, such as septic systems, cesspools and storm water wells that discharge to a few feet underground.

Is the Deep Wells Facility accepting hazardous waste?

The EGT facility received its required two EPA UIC permits and its MDEQ Operating License on September 26, 2011. EGT now received its Authorizations To Inject from both agencies. EGT has commenced operations.

How will EGT communicate and interact with the community with regard to this Facility?

EGT is aware of the health and safety concerns of the community and takes them seriously. The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (“MDEQ”) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) have fully examined the facility and determined that the facility meets all required environmental standards prescribed in federal and state law. Further, EGT has fully researched information from the EPA regarding underground injection control systems and has reached the conclusion that the facility is not only environmentally sound, but also represents the safest and “greenest” method of waste disposal. There is no question that such an operation must be a good steward of the environment and of the community in which it operates. EGT will make every effort to work cooperatively with stakeholders and concerned members of the community to ensure their concerns are properly addressed.

EGT is firmly committed to the health, safety and welfare of its employees and the communities surrounding the facility, and will ensure that the facility is managed professionally by fully qualified, experienced, and certified &/or licensed personnel.

EGT will continue to work cooperatively with regulators and community leaders to pursue a shared vision of environmental safety.

Is the EGT Romulus facility safe?

According to the EPA, “Class I underground injection wells are safer than virtually all other waste disposal practices.”1, and in a letter regarding the EGT facility, “The USEPA views the underground injection of wastes, when conducted in accordance with all federal and state regulations, to be a safe method of waste disposal.”2

Will my drinking water be affected?

According to the EPA, “Therefore, the USEPA is confident that drinking water supplies will not be affected by the proposed injection operation.”2 and “Following review of the permit applications, EPA has determined that there should be no impact to the drinking water supplies as a result of injection into these wells because of the geology of the area and the engineering, operating and monitoring standards applied to the wells.”3

Further, since Congress passed the Underground Injection Control program in 1980, all deep wells constructed in the U.S. must meet strict environmental standards to ensure no vertical movement of fluids from the inject zone into any source of underground drinking water (“USDW”). Under EGT’s stewardship, the Romulus deep wells will be checked and monitored through the use of a state-of-the-art monitoring system as well as regular inspections by fully qualified EGT facility staff, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, to ensure that drinking water is always safe to drink.

Where can I go for more information?

EGT encourages you to go to the EPA’s website at: www.epa.gov/region5/water/uic/faq.htm and gwpc.org.
Who can I contact if I have any questions?
You can contact EGT directly at 734.946.1000 or email us at info@envgeotech.com
1 U.S. EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, “OSWER Comparative Risk Project: Executive Summary and Overview (OSWER)”, Washington, D.C., EPA/540/1-89/003, Nov. 1989.
2 U.S. EPA Region V letter to Honorable John D. Dingell, May 12, 2003.
3 U.S. EPA “Response to Comments” regarding EGT’s EPA UIC permits, September 26, 2011.